Featured Published Manuscript of the Month: October, 2018

 

Chosen and summarized by: Leah Efferson, University of Alabama

 

Preston, O. C., Anestis, J. C., Watts, A. L., & Lilienfeld, S. O. (2018). Psychopathic Traits' Differential Relations With Aggression Forms: Considering the Roles of Gender and Gender Role Adherence. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 37(8), 628-658.

 

 

Corresponding Author:  Olivia C. Preston ([email protected]), University of Southern Mississippi

 

 

 

 

This featured study investigated the relationships between psychopathic traits, different forms of aggression (i.e., physical, relational), and gender role adherence in a sample of 320 male and female undergraduates.  Psychopathy was assessed by the Psychopathic Personality Inventory Revised (PPI-R), gender role adherence was assessed by the Bem Sex Role Inventory-Short Form (BSRI-SF), and forms of aggression were assessed by the Self-Report of Aggression and Social Behavior Measure (SRASB).

 

 A few key findings were:

 

·          Self-Centered Impulsivity and Coldheartedness on the PPI-R were positively associated with both physical and relational aggression; Fearless Dominance was not associated with either form of aggression.

 

 

 

·          Fearless dominance on the PPI-R was positively associated with Masculinity of the BSRI, and Self-Centered Impulsivity and Coldheartedness were negatively associated with Femininity of the BSRI.

 

 

 

·          Masculinity moderated the relationship between Self-Centered Impulsivity and physical aggression; those who scored higher on masculinity and Self-Centered Impulsivity engaged in more physical aggression; femininity did not moderate relationships between psychopathic traits and aggression

 

 

 

Some key implications:

 

·       A combination of higher masculinity and impulsivity traits of psychopathy may be risk factors for engaging in more physical aggression.

 

 

 

·       Femininity characteristics do not seem to be protective factors against aggression in those scoring higher in psychopathy.

 

 

 

 

 

·       This study highlights the importance of examining gender role adherence (and not solely gender) when examining relationships between psychopathic traits and forms of aggression.